| Project summary
The European Union's 7th Framework Programme for Research has awarded the 3 years project TURBINE (TrUsted Revocable Biometric IdeNtitiEs) of 9,9 M€ with a 6.3 M€ funding. TURBINE, a European consortium of high technology companies and universities led by the French company Sagem Sécurité (SAFRAN Group), will provide a breakthrough in electronic authentication for various applications in the physical world and on the Internet. On the one hand it will provide secure user identification thanks to fingerprint recognition. On the other hand it will reliably protect the biometrics data through advanced cryptography technology. In concrete terms, TURBINE will provide the assurance that 1. the data used for the authentication, generated from the fingerprint, cannot be used to restore the original fingerprint sample, 2. the individual will be able to create different "pseudo-identities" for different applications with the same fingerprint, whilst ensuring that these different identities (and hence the related personal data) cannot be linked to each other, and 3. the individual is enabled to revoke an identity for a given application in case it should not be used anymore.
TURBINE will go beyond the current use of biometric solutions for user identification: no trade-off will need to be made between the level of security provided to the service supplier/merchant in terms of secure authentication, and the level of security provided to the individual in terms of protection of personal data. The technology developed in TURBINE could be implemented in a large variety of applications in the real and the virtual world. To ensure that the developments meet the needs of the various potential market segments and the European and national regulations regarding privacy, the consortium will benefit from the advice of experts in data protection from different European institutions and from representative market sectors, such as banking, eHealth, eGovernment, and airport security.
The consortium comprises project coordinator Sagem Sécurité (France), two other large industrial companies, Philips Research Europe (The Netherlands) and SAGEM-ORGA (Germany), academic research groups from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium) and Gjøvik University College (Norway) and four SMEs, Precise Biometrics (Sweden), Cryptolog (France), 3D-GAA S.A. (Greece) and ARTTIC (France).